# rateplot {Epi}

### Description

Produces plots of rates versus age, connected within period or cohort (`Aplot`

), rates versus period connected within age-groups (`Pplot`

) and rates and rates versus date of birth cohort (`Cplot`

). `rateplot`

is a wrapper for these, allowing to produce the four classical displays with a single call.

### Usage

rateplot( rates, which = c("ap","ac","pa","ca"), age = as.numeric( dimnames( rates )[[1]] ), per = as.numeric( dimnames( rates )[[2]] ), grid = FALSE, a.grid = grid, p.grid = grid, c.grid = grid, ygrid = grid, col.grid = gray( 0.9 ), a.lim = range( age, na.rm=TRUE ) + c(0,diff( range( age ) )/30), p.lim = range( per, na.rm=TRUE ) + c(0,diff( range( age ) )/30), c.lim = NULL, ylim = range( rates[rates>0], na.rm=TRUE ), at = NULL, labels = paste( at ), a.lab = "Age at diagnosis", p.lab = "Date of diagnosis", c.lab = "Date of birth", ylab = "Rates", type = "l", lwd = 2, lty = 1, log.ax = "y", las = 1, ann = FALSE, a.ann = ann, p.ann = ann, c.ann = ann, xannx = 1/20, cex.ann = 0.8, a.thin = seq( 1, length( age ), 2 ), p.thin = seq( 1, length( per ), 2 ), c.thin = seq( 2, length( age ) + length( per ) - 1, 2 ), col = par( "fg" ), a.col = col, p.col = col, c.col = col, ... ) Aplot( rates, age = as.numeric( dimnames( rates )[[1]] ), per = as.numeric( dimnames( rates )[[2]] ), grid = FALSE, a.grid = grid, ygrid = grid, col.grid = gray( 0.9 ), a.lim = range( age, na.rm=TRUE ), ylim = range( rates[rates>0], na.rm=TRUE ), at = NULL, labels = paste( at ), a.lab = names( dimnames( rates ) )[1], ylab = deparse( substitute( rates ) ), type = "l", lwd = 2, lty = 1, col = par( "fg" ), log.ax = "y", las = 1, c.col = col, p.col = col, c.ann = FALSE, p.ann = FALSE, xannx = 1/20, cex.ann = 0.8, c.thin = seq( 2, length( age ) + length( per ) - 1, 2 ), p.thin = seq( 1, length( per ), 2 ), p.lines = TRUE, c.lines = !p.lines, ... ) Pplot( rates, age = as.numeric( dimnames( rates )[[1]] ), per = as.numeric( dimnames( rates )[[2]] ), grid = FALSE, p.grid = grid, ygrid = grid, col.grid = gray( 0.9 ), p.lim = range( per, na.rm=TRUE ) + c(0,diff(range(per))/30), ylim = range( rates[rates>0], na.rm=TRUE ), p.lab = names( dimnames( rates ) )[2], ylab = deparse( substitute( rates ) ), at = NULL, labels = paste( at ), type = "l", lwd = 2, lty = 1, col = par( "fg" ), log.ax = "y", las = 1, ann = FALSE, cex.ann = 0.8, xannx = 1/20, a.thin = seq( 1, length( age ), 2 ), ... ) Cplot( rates, age = as.numeric( rownames( rates ) ), per = as.numeric( colnames( rates ) ), grid = FALSE, c.grid = grid, ygrid = grid, col.grid = gray( 0.9 ), c.lim = NULL, ylim = range( rates[rates>0], na.rm=TRUE ), at = NULL, labels = paste( at ), c.lab = names( dimnames( rates ) )[2], ylab = deparse( substitute( rates ) ), type = "l", lwd = 2, lty = 1, col = par( "fg" ), log.ax = "y", las = 1, xannx = 1/20, ann = FALSE, cex.ann = 0.8, a.thin = seq( 1, length( age ), 2 ), ... )

### Arguments

- rates
- A two-dimensional table (or array) with rates to be plotted. It is assumed that the first dimension is age and the second is period.
- which
- A character vector with elements from
`c("ap","ac","apc","pa","ca")`

, indication which plots should be produced. One plot per element is produced. The first letter indicates the x-axis of the plot, the remaining which groups should be connected, i.e.`"pa"`

will plot rates versus period and connect age-classes, and`"apc"`

will plot rates versus age, and connect both periods and cohorts. - age
- Numerical vector giving the means of the age-classes. Defaults to the rownames of
`rates`

as numeric. - per
- Numerical vector giving the means of the periods. Defaults to the columnnames of
`rates`

as numeric. - grid
- Logical indicating whether a background grid should be drawn.
- a.grid
- Logical indicating whether a background grid on the age-axis should be drawn. If numerical it indicates the age-coordinates of the grid.
- p.grid
- do. for the period.
- c.grid
- do. for the cohort.
- ygrid
- do. for the rate-dimension.
- col.grid
- The colour of the grid.
- a.lim
- Range for the age-axis.
- p.lim
- Range for the period-axis.
- c.lim
- Range for the cohort-axis.
- ylim
- Range for the y-axis (rates).
- at
- Position of labels on the y-axis (rates).
- labels
- Labels to put on the y-axis (rates).
- a.lab
- Text on the age-axis. Defaults to "Age".
- p.lab
- Text on the period-axis. Defaults to "Date of diagnosis".
- c.lab
- Text on the cohort-axis. Defaults to "Date of birth".
- ylab
- Text on the rate-axis. Defaults to the name of the rate-table.
- type
- How should the curves be plotted. Defaults to
`"l"`

. - lwd
- Width of the lines. Defaults to 2.
- lty
- Which type of lines should be used. Defaults to 1, a solid line.
- log.ax
- Character with letters from
`"apcyr"`

, indicating which axes should be logarithmic.`"y"`

and`"r"`

both refer to the rate scale. Defaults to`"y"`

. - las
- see
`par`

. - ann
- Should the curves be annotated?
- a.ann
- Logical indicating whether age-curves should be annotated.
- p.ann
- do. for period-curves.
- c.ann
- do. for cohort-curves.
- xannx
- The fraction that the x-axis is expanded when curves are annotated.
- cex.ann
- Expansion factor for characters annotating curves.
- a.thin
- Vector of integers indicating which of the age-classes should be labelled.
- p.thin
- do. for the periods.
- c.thin
- do. for the cohorts.
- col
- Colours for the curves.
- a.col
- Colours for the age-curves.
- p.col
- do. for the period-curves.
- c.col
- do. for the cohort-curves.
- p.lines
- Should rates from the same period be connected?
- c.lines
- Should rates from the same cohort be connected?
- ...
- Additional arguments pssed on to
`matlines`

when plotting the curves.

### Details

Zero values of the rates are ignored. They are neiter in the plot nor in the calculation of the axis ranges.

### Values

`NULL`

. The function is used for its side-effect, the plot.

### See Also

`apc.frame`

### Examples

data( blcaIT ) attach(blcaIT) # Table of rates: bl.rate <- tapply( D, list(age,period), sum ) / tapply( Y, list(age,period), sum ) bl.rate # The four classical plots: par( mfrow=c(2,2) ) rateplot( bl.rate*10^6 ) # The labels on the vertical axis could be nicer: rateplot( bl.rate*10^6, at=10^(-1:3), labels=c(0.1,1,10,100,1000) ) # More bells an whistles par( mfrow=c(1,3), mar=c(3,3,1,1), oma=c(0,3,0,0), mgp=c(3,1,0)/1.6 ) rateplot( bl.rate*10^6, ylab="", ann=TRUE, which=c("AC","PA","CA"), at=10^(-1:3), labels=c(0.1,1,10,100,1000), col=topo.colors(11), cex.ann=1.2 )

Documentation reproduced from package Epi, version 1.1.49. License: GPL-2