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write.xport {SASxport}

Write Data to a SAS XPORT File
Package: 
SASxport
Version: 
1.3.6

Description

This function writes one or more data frames into a SAS XPORT format library file.

Usage

write.xport(...,
            list=base::list(),
            file = stop("'file' must be specified"),
            verbose=FALSE,
            sasVer="7.00",
            osType,
            cDate=Sys.time(),
            formats=NULL,
            autogen.formats=TRUE
 )

Arguments

...
One or more data frames to be stored
list
A list containing data frames to be stored.
file
File name or connection object. Use "" to view the raw data
verbose
Logical flag controlling whether status is reported during processing
sasVer
SAS version string
osType
Opererating system, defaults to "R X.Y.Z" for appropriate values of X, Y, and Z
cDate
Date object specifying dataset creation date
formats
Optional data frame containing SAS format information.
autogen.formats
Logical indiciating whether SAS formats should be auto-generated for factor variables.

Details

The function creates a SAS XPORT data file (see reference) from one or more data frames. This file format imposes a number of constraints:

  • Data set and variable names are truncated to 8 characters and converted to upper case. All characters outside of the set A-Z, 0-9, and '\_' are converted to '\_'.
  • Character variables are stored as characters.
  • If autogen.formats=TRUE (the default), factor variables are stored as numeric with an appropriate SAS format specification. If autogen.formats=FALSE, factor variables are stored as characters.
  • All numeric variables are stored as double-precision floating point values utilizing the IBM mainframe double precision floating point format (see the reference).
  • Date and time variables are either converted to number of days since 1960-01-01 (date only), or number of seconds since 1960-01-01:00:00:00 GMT (date-time variables).
  • Missing values are converted to the standard SAS missing value '.'

The SAS XPORT format allows each dataset to have a label and a type (set via the label and SAStype functions). In addition, each variable may have a corresponding label, display format, and input format. To set these values, add the attribute 'label', 'SASformat', or 'SASiformat' to individual data frame. These attributes may be set using the label, SASformat, and SASiformat functions. (See examples provided below.)

The actual translation of R objects to objects appropriate for SAS is handled by the toSAS generic and associated methods, which can be (re)defined by the user to provide fine-grained control.

Values

No return value

References

SAS Technical Support document TS-140: “The Record Layout of a Data Set in SAS Transport (XPORT) Format” available at http://ftp.sas.com/techsup/download/technote/ts140.html.

Note

This package was created with partial funding by Metrum Institute http://metruminstitute.org.

See Also

toSAS, lookup.xport, read.xport, label, SAStype, SASformat, and SASiformat

Examples

#####
## R version of the example given in TS-140
#####
 
## manually create a data set
abc <- data.frame( x=c(1, 2, NA, NA ), y=c('a', 'B', NA, '*' ) )
 
## look at it
abc
 
## add a format specifier (not used by R)
SASformat(abc$x) <- 'date7.'
 
## add a variable label (not used by R)
label(abc$y) <- 'character variable'
 
## add a dataset label and type
label(abc) <- 'Simple example'
SAStype(abc) <- 'MYTYPE'
 
## verify the additions
str(abc)
 
# create a SAS XPORT file 
write.xport( abc, file="xxx.dat" )
 
# list the contents of the file
lookup.xport("xxx.dat")
 
## reload the data
xxx.abc <- read.xport("xxx.dat")
 
## and look at it
xxx.abc
 
## Check the label and type
label(xxx.abc)
SAStype(xxx.abc)
 
## Note that the variable names and SAS dataset type have been converted
## to uppercase

Author(s)

Gregory R. Warnes greg@warnes.net

Documentation reproduced from package SASxport, version 1.3.6. License: GPL-2