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spplot {sp}

Plot methods for spatial data with attributes


Lattice (trellis) plot methods for spatial data with attributes


spplot(obj, ...)
spplot.grid(obj, zcol = names(obj), ..., names.attr, scales = list(draw = FALSE),
 xlab = NULL, ylab = NULL, aspect = mapasp(obj,xlim,ylim),
 panel = panel.gridplot, sp.layout = NULL, formula, xlim = bbox(obj)[1, ],
 ylim = bbox(obj)[2, ], checkEmptyRC = TRUE)
spplot.polygons(obj, zcol = names(obj), ..., names.attr, scales = list(draw = FALSE),
 xlab = NULL, ylab = NULL, aspect = mapasp(obj,xlim,ylim),
 panel = panel.polygonsplot, sp.layout = NULL, formula, xlim = bbox(obj)[1, ],
 ylim = bbox(obj)[2, ])
spplot.points(obj, zcol = names(obj), ..., names.attr, scales = list(draw = FALSE),
 xlab = NULL, ylab = NULL, aspect = mapasp(obj,xlim,ylim),
 panel = panel.pointsplot, sp.layout = NULL, identify = FALSE, formula,
 xlim = bbexpand(bbox(obj)[1, ], 0.04), ylim = bbexpand(bbox(obj)[2, ], 0.04),
 edge.col = "transparent", colorkey = FALSE)
mapLegendGrob(obj, widths = unit(1, "cm"), heights = unit(1, "cm"),
    fill = "black", just = "right")
sp.theme(set = FALSE, regions = list(col = bpy.colors(100)), ...)
layout.north.arrow(type = 1) = 0.05)
spplot.locator(n = 512, type = "n", ...)


object of class extending Spatial-class
character; attribute name(s) or column number(s) in attribute table
names to use in panel, if different from zcol names
scales argument to be passed to Lattice plots; use list(draw = TRUE) to draw axes scales; see xyplot for full options
other arguments passed to levelplot (grids, polygons) or xyplot (points)
label for x-axis
label for y-axis
aspect ratio for spatial axes; defaults to "iso" (one unit on the x-axis equals one unit on the y-axis) but may be set to more suitable values if the data are e.g. if coordinates are latitude/longitude
depending on the class of obj, panel.polygonsplot (for polygons or lines), panel.gridplot (grids) or panel.pointsplot (points) is used; for further control custom panel functions can be supplied that call one of these panel functions, but do read below how the argument sp.layout may help
NULL or list; see notes below
if not FALSE, identify plotted objects (currently only working for points plots). Labels for identification are the row.names of the attribute table row.names( If TRUE, identify on panel (1,1); for identifying on panel i,j, pass the value c(i,j)
optional; may be useful to plot a transformed value. Defaults to z~x+y for single and z~x+y|name for multiple attributes; use e.g. exp(x)~x+y|name to plot the exponent of the z-variable
numeric; x-axis limits
numeric; y-axis limits
color of symbol edge
logical; if TRUE, use continuous, levelplot-like colorkey instead of symbol key
width of grob
heights of grob
fill color of grob
grob placement justification
logical; if TRUE, trellis.par.set is called, else a list is returned that can be passed to trellis.par.set()
color ramp for the theme
height of scale bar; width is 1.0
see locator
see locator
logical; if TRUE, a check is done to see if empty rows or columns are present, and need to be taken care of. Setting to FALSE may improve speed.


spplot returns a lattice plot of class "trellis", if you fail to "see" it, explicitly call print(spplot(...)). If identify is TRUE, the plot is plotted and the return value is a vector with row names of the selected points.

spplot.locator returns a matrix with identified point locations; use trellis.focus first to focus on a given panel.


obj = "SpatialPixelsDataFrame"
see spplot
obj = "SpatialGridDataFrame"
see spplot
obj = "SpatialPolygonsDataFrame"
see spplot
obj = "SpatialLinesDataFrame"
see spplot
obj = "SpatialPointsDataFrame"
see spplot


Missing values in the attributes are (currently) not allowed.

spplot.grid, spplot.polygons and spplot.points are S4 methods for spplot; see spplot-methods.

Useful arguments that can be passed as ... are:

for the layout of panels
to specify fill colours; in case the variable to be plotted is a factor, this vector should have length equal to the number of factor levels; when plotting points it may also have length one, using symbol type to distinguish classes
for colour breaks at pretty numbers
to specify at which values colours change
to start drawing panels upper-left instead of lower-left
to add marks to each plotted page

for useful values see the appropriate documentation of xyplot and levelplot.

If obj is of SpatialPointsDataFrame, the following options are useful to pass:
character: "bottom", "right", "left" or "right" to denote key location, or list: see argument key in the help for xyplot what the options are
character; array with key legend (text) entries; suitable defaults obtained from data
number of cuts, or, for objects of class SpatialPointsDataFrame only, the actual cuts to use
logical; if TRUE use log-linear scale to divide range in equal cuts, else use a linear scale if cuts is only number of cuts
integer; plotting character to use; defaults to 16 if fill is TRUE, else 1
numeric; character expansion, proportional to default value of 1
logical; use filled circles?

layout.north.arrow and can be used to set a north arrow or scale bar.

The sp.layout argument is either a single layout item, or a list with one or more layout items. A layout item is a list with its first argument the name of the layout function to be called: sp.points for SpatialPoints, sp.polygons for SpatialPolygons object, sp.lines for a SpatialLines object, and sp.text for text to place. The second argument contains the object (or text) to be plotted; remaining arguments are passed to the corresponding panel.* functions.

The order of items in sp.layout matters; objects are drawn in the order they appear. Plot order and prevalence of sp.layout items: for points and lines, sp.layout items are drawn before the points (to allow for grids and polygons); for grids and polygons sp.layout is drawn afterwards (so the item will not be overdrawn by the grid and/or polygon). Transparency may further help when combining things.

Items of the sp.layout list, or its elements, can be:

integer; controls to which panel a layout item should be added. If which is present in the main, top-level list it applies to all layout items; in sub-lists with layout items it denotes the (set of) panels in which the layout item should be drawn. Without a which item, layout items are drawn in each panel.
logical; should the layout item be drawn before the main spplot object (TRUE), or after (FALSE)? This overrides the default order.

sp.theme returns a lattice theme; use, after loading package lattice, the command trellis.par.set(sp.theme()) after a device is opened or changed to make this work. Currently, this only sets the colors to bpy.colors.

If the attributes to be plotted are of type factor, spplot tries to create a legend that reflects this. In this case, the color ramp passed needs to be of the same length as the number of factor levels. The factor levels are derived from the first map; subsequent factors with different factor levels result in an error.

See Also

xyplot, levelplot, panel.identify to identify objects


trellis.par.set(sp.theme()) # sets bpy.colors() ramp
coordinates(meuse) <- ~x+y
l2 = list("SpatialPolygonsRescale", layout.north.arrow(), offset = c(181300,329800), 
    scale = 400)
l3 = list("SpatialPolygonsRescale",, offset = c(180500,329800), 
    scale = 500, fill=c("transparent","black"))
l4 = list("sp.text", c(180500,329900), "0")
l5 = list("sp.text", c(181000,329900), "500 m")
spplot(meuse, c("ffreq"), sp.layout=list(l2,l3,l4,l5), col.regions= "black", 
spplot(meuse, c("zinc", "lead"), sp.layout=list(l2,l3,l4,l5, which = 2),,y=.95,corner=c(0,1)))
# plotting factors:
meuse$f = factor(sample(letters[6:10], 155, replace=TRUE),levels=letters[1:10])
meuse$g = factor(sample(letters[1:5], 155, replace=TRUE),levels=letters[1:10])
spplot(meuse, c("f","g"), col.regions=bpy.colors(10))
if (require(RColorBrewer)) {
    spplot(meuse, c("ffreq"), sp.layout=list(l2,l3,l4,l5),
        col.regions=brewer.pal(3, "Set1"))
meuse.grid$g = factor(sample(letters[1:5], 3103, replace=TRUE),levels=letters[1:10])
meuse.grid$f = factor(sample(letters[6:10], 3103, replace=TRUE),levels=letters[1:10])
spplot(meuse.grid, c("f","g"))
spplot(meuse.grid, c("f","g"), col.regions=bpy.colors(10))


Edzer Pebesma,

Documentation reproduced from package sp, version 1.0-14. License: GPL (>= 2)