owin.object {spatstat}
Description
A class owin
to define the “observation window” of a point pattern
Details
In the spatstat library, a point pattern dataset must include information about the window or region in which the pattern was observed. A window is described by an object of class "owin"
. Windows of arbitrary shape are supported. An object of class "owin"
has one of three types:
"rectangle" : 

a rectangle in the twodimensional plane with edges parallel to the axes  
"polygonal" : 

a region whose boundary is a polygon or several polygons.  
The region may have holes and may consist of several disconnected pieces.  
"mask" : 

a binary image (a logical matrix)  
set to TRUE for pixels inside the window and 

FALSE outside the window. 
Objects of class "owin"
may be created by the function owin
and converted from other types of data by the function as.owin
.
They may be manipulated by the functions as.rectangle
, as.mask
, complement.owin
, rotate
, shift
, affine
, erosion
, dilation
, opening
and closing
.
Geometrical calculations available for windows include area.owin
, perimeter
, diameter.owin
, boundingbox
, eroded.areas
, bdist.points
, bdist.pixels
, and even.breaks.owin
. The mapping between continuous coordinates and pixel raster indices is facilitated by the functions raster.x
, raster.y
and nearest.raster.point
.
There is a plot
method for window objects, plot.owin
. This may be useful if you wish to plot a point pattern's window without the points for graphical purposes.
Warnings
In a window of type "mask"
, the row index corresponds to increasing y coordinate, and the column index corresponds to increasing x coordinate.
See Also
owin
, as.owin
, as.rectangle
, as.mask
, summary.owin
, print.owin
, complement.owin
, erosion
, dilation
, opening
, closing
, affine.owin
, shift.owin
, rotate.owin
, raster.x
, raster.y
, nearest.raster.point
, plot.owin
, area.owin
, boundingbox
, diameter
, eroded.areas
, bdist.points
, bdist.pixels
Examples
w < owin() w < owin(c(0,1), c(0,1)) # the unit square w < owin(c(0,1), c(0,2)) ## Not run: if(FALSE) { plot(w) # plots edges of a box 1 unit x 2 units v < locator() # click on points in the plot window # to be the vertices of a polygon # traversed in anticlockwise order u < owin(c(0,1), c(0,2), poly=v) plot(u) # plots polygonal boundary using polygon() plot(as.mask(u, eps=0.02)) # plots discrete pixel approximation to polygon } ## End(Not run)
Documentation reproduced from package spatstat, version 1.461. License: GPL (>= 2)