Skip to Content


Spatial dependence: weighting schemes, statistics and models
Roger Bivand <>
GPL (>= 2)
A collection of functions to create spatial weights matrix objects from polygon contiguities, from point patterns by distance and tessellations, for summarizing these objects, and for permitting their use in spatial data analysis, including regional aggregation by minimum spanning tree; a collection of tests for spatial autocorrelation, including global Moran's I, APLE, Geary's C, Hubert/Mantel general cross product statistic, Empirical Bayes estimates and Assunção/Reis Index, Getis/Ord G and multicoloured join count statistics, local Moran's I and Getis/Ord G, saddlepoint approximations and exact tests for global and local Moran's I; and functions for estimating spatial simultaneous autoregressive (SAR) lag and error models, impact measures for lag models, weighted and unweighted SAR and CAR spatial regression models, semi-parametric and Moran eigenvector spatial filtering, GM SAR error models, and generalized spatial two stage least squares models.
Package Version Released
spdep 0.5-65 1 year 27 weeks ago
spdep 0.5-64 1 year 29 weeks ago
spdep 0.5-63 1 year 29 weeks ago
spdep 0.5-62 1 year 33 weeks ago
spdep 0.5-61 1 year 35 weeks ago
spdep 0.5-60 1 year 38 weeks ago
spdep 0.5-57 1 year 39 weeks ago
spdep 0.5-56 2 years 10 weeks ago
spdep 0.5-55 2 years 13 weeks ago
spdep 0.5-53 2 years 19 weeks ago
Your rating: None Overall: 4 (100 votes)
Your rating: None Documentation: 3 (100 votes)