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AsIs {base}

Inhibit Interpretation/Conversion of Objects
Package: 
base
Version: 
R 3.0.2

Description

Change the class of an object to indicate that it should be treated ‘as is’.

Usage

I(x)

Arguments

x
an object

Details

Function I has two main uses.

  • In function data.frame. Protecting an object by enclosing it in I() in a call to data.frame inhibits the conversion of character vectors to factors and the dropping of names, and ensures that matrices are inserted as single columns. I can also be used to protect objects which are to be added to a data frame, or converted to a data frame via as.data.frame.

It achieves this by prepending the class "AsIs" to the object's classes. Class "AsIs" has a few of its own methods, including for [, as.data.frame, print and format.

  • In function formula. There it is used to inhibit the interpretation of operators such as "+", "-", "*" and "^" as formula operators, so they are used as arithmetical operators. This is interpreted as a symbol by terms.formula.
  • Values

    A copy of the object with class "AsIs" prepended to the class(es).

    References

    Chambers, J. M. (1992) Linear models. Chapter 4 of Statistical Models in S eds J. M. Chambers and T. J. Hastie, Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.

    See Also

    data.frame, formula

    Documentation reproduced from R 3.0.2. License: GPL-2.