All data frames have a row names attribute, a character vector of length the number of rows with no duplicates nor missing values.
For convenience, these are generic functions for which users can write other methods, and there are default methods for arrays. The description here is for the
row.names(x) row.names(x) <- value
- object of class
"data.frame", or any other class for which a method has been defined.
- an object to be coerced to character unless an integer vector. It should have (after coercion) the same length as the number of rows of
xwith no duplicated nor missing values.
NULLis also allowed: see ‘Details’.
A data frame has (by definition) a vector of row names which has length the number of rows in the data frame, and contains neither missing nor duplicated values. Where a row names sequence has been added by the software to meet this requirement, they are regarded as ‘automatic’.
Row names are currently allowed to be integer or character, but for backwards compatibility (with R <= 2.4.0)
row.names will always return a character vector. (Use
attr(x, "row.names") if you need to retrieve an integer-valued set of row names.)
row.names returns a character vector.
row.names<- returns a data frame with the row names changed.
Chambers, J. M. (1992) Data for models. Chapter 3 of Statistical Models in S eds J. M. Chambers and T. J. Hastie, Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.
Row names of the form
n > 2 are stored internally in a compact form, which might be seen from C code or by deparsing but never via
attr(x, "row.names"). Additionally, some names of this sort are marked as ‘automatic’ and handled differently by
data.matrix (and potentially other functions). (All zero-row data frames are regarded as having automatic row.names.)
Documentation reproduced from R 2.15.3. License: GPL-2.