bitmap(file, type = "png16m", height = 7, width = 7, res = 72, units = "in", pointsize, taa = NA, gaa = NA, ...) dev2bitmap(file, type = "png16m", height = 7, width = 7, res = 72, units = "in", pointsize, ..., method = c("postscript", "pdf"), taa = NA, gaa = NA)
- The output file name, with an appropriate extension.
- The type of bitmap.
- width, height
- Dimensions of the display region.
- Resolution, in dots per inch.
- The units in which
widthare given. Can be
- The pointsize to be used for text: defaults to something reasonable given the width and height
- Other parameters passed to
- Should the plot be done by
- taa, gaa
- Number of bits of antialiasing for text and for graphics respectively. Usually 4 (for best effect) or 2. Not supported on all types.
dev2bitmap works by copying the current device to a
bitmap works in the same way using a
postscript device and post-processing the output as ‘printing’.
You will need
ghostscript: the full path to the executable can be set by the environment variable R_GSCMD. If this is unset, a GhostScript executable will be looked for by name on your path: on a Unix alike
"gs" is used, and on Windows the setting of the environment variable GSC is used, otherwise commands
"gswin32c.exe" are tried.
The types available will depend on the version of
ghostscript, but are likely to include
The default type,
"png16m", supports 24-bit colour and anti-aliasing. Versions of R prior to 2.7.0 defaulted to
"png256", which uses a palette of 256 colours and could be a more compact representation. Monochrome graphs can use
"pnggray" if anti-aliasing is desired. Plots with a transparent background and varying degrees of transparency should use
Note that for a colour TIFF image you probably want
"tiff24nc", which is 8-bit per channel RGB (the most common TIFF format). None of the listed TIFF types support transparency.
"tiff32nc" uses 8-bit per channel CMYK, which printers might require.
For formats which contain a single image, a file specification like
Rplots%03d.png can be used: this is interpreted by Ghostscript.
dev2bitmap if just one of
height is specified, the other is chosen to preserve aspect ratio of the device being copied. The main reason to prefer
method = "pdf" over the default would be to allow semi-transparent colours to be used.
For graphics parameters such as
"cra" that need to work in pixels, the default resolution of 72dpi is always used.
This section describes the implementation of the conventions for graphics devices set out in the “R Internals Manual”. These devices follow the underlying device, so when viewed at the stated
- The default device size is 7 inches square.
- Font sizes are in big points.
- The default font family is (for the standard Ghostscript setup) URW Nimbus Sans.
- Line widths are as a multiple of 1/96 inch, with no minimum.
- Circle of any radius are allowed.
- Colours are interpreted by the viewing/printing application.
type = "pdfwrite" will work for simple plots, it is not recommended. Either use
ps2pdf -dAutoRotatePages=/None on the output of
postscript: that command is optimized to do the conversion to PDF in ways that these functions are not.
To display an array of data, see
Documentation reproduced from R 3.0.2. License: GPL-2.