plot.window(xlim, ylim, log = "", asp = NA, ...)
- xlim, ylim
- numeric vectors of length 2, giving the x and y coordinates ranges.
- character; indicating which axes should be in log scale.
- numeric, giving the aspect ratio y/x, see ‘Details’.
- further graphical parameters as in
par. The relevant ones are
aspis a finite positive value then the window is set up so that one data unit in the x direction is equal in length to
asp* one data unit in the y direction.
Note that in this case,
par("usr")is no longer determined by, e.g.,
par("xaxs"), but rather by
aspand the device's aspect ratio. (See what happens if you interactively resize the plot device after running the example below!)
The special case
asp == 1produces plots where distances between points are represented accurately on screen. Values with
asp > 1can be used to produce more accurate maps when using latitude and longitude.
Note that the coordinate ranges will be extended by 4% if the appropriate graphical parameter
yaxs has value
"s" (which is the default).
To reverse an axis, use
ylim of the form
The function attempts to produce a plausible set of scales if one or both of
ylim is of length one or the two values given are identical, but it is better to avoid that case.
A side-effect of the call is to set up the
yaxp graphical parameters. (It is for the latter two that
lab is used.)
##--- An example for the use of 'asp' : require(stats) # normally loaded loc <- cmdscale(eurodist) rx <- range(x <- loc[,1]) ry <- range(y <- -loc[,2]) plot(x, y, type = "n", asp = 1, xlab = "", ylab = "") abline(h = pretty(rx, 10), v = pretty(ry, 10), col = "lightgray") text(x, y, labels(eurodist), cex = 0.8)
Documentation reproduced from R 3.0.1. License: GPL-2.