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gapply {nlme}

Apply a Function by Groups
Package: 
nlme
Version: 
3.1-113

Description

Applies the function to the distinct sets of rows of the data frame defined by groups.

Usage

gapply(object, which, FUN, form, level, groups, ...)

Arguments

object
an object to which the function will be applied - usually a groupedData object or a data.frame. Must inherit from class "data.frame".
which
an optional character or positive integer vector specifying which columns of object should be used with FUN. Defaults to all columns in object.
FUN
function to apply to the distinct sets of rows of the data frame object defined by the values of groups.
form
an optional one-sided formula that defines the groups. When this formula is given the right-hand side is evaluated in object, converted to a factor if necessary, and the unique levels are used to define the groups. Defaults to formula(object).
level
an optional positive integer giving the level of grouping to be used in an object with multiple nested grouping levels. Defaults to the highest or innermost level of grouping.
groups
an optional factor that will be used to split the rows into groups. Defaults to getGroups(object, form, level).
...
optional additional arguments to the summary function FUN. Often it is helpful to specify na.rm = TRUE.

Values

Returns a data frame with as many rows as there are levels in the groups argument.

References

Pinheiro, J.C., and Bates, D.M. (2000) "Mixed-Effects Models in S and S-PLUS", Springer, esp. sec. 3.4.

See Also

gsummary

Examples

## Find number of non-missing "conc" observations for each Subject
gapply( Phenobarb, FUN = function(x) sum(!is.na(x$conc)) )
 
# Pinheiro and Bates, p. 127 
table( gapply(Quinidine, "conc", function(x) sum(!is.na(x))) )
changeRecords <- gapply( Quinidine, FUN = function(frm)
    any(is.na(frm[["conc"]]) & is.na(frm[["dose"]])) )

Author(s)

Jos Pinheiro and Douglas Bates bates@stat.wisc.edu

Documentation reproduced from package nlme, version 3.1-113. License: GPL (>= 2)