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predict.smooth.spline {stats}

Predict from Smoothing Spline Fit
Package: 
stats
Version: 
R 3.0.2

Description

Predict a smoothing spline fit at new points, return the derivative if desired. The predicted fit is linear beyond the original data.

Usage

 
## S3 method for class 'smooth.spline':
predict((object, x, deriv = 0, ...))

Arguments

object
a fit from smooth.spline.
x
the new values of x.
deriv
integer; the order of the derivative required.
...
further arguments passed to or from other methods.

Values

A list with components

x
The input x.
y
The fitted values or derivatives at x.

See Also

smooth.spline

Examples

require(graphics)
 
attach(cars)
cars.spl <- smooth.spline(speed, dist, df = 6.4)
 
 
## "Proof" that the derivatives are okay, by comparing with approximation
diff.quot <- function(x, y) {
  ## Difference quotient (central differences where available)
  n <- length(x); i1 <- 1:2; i2 <- (n-1):n
  c(diff(y[i1]) / diff(x[i1]), (y[-i1] - y[-i2]) / (x[-i1] - x[-i2]),
    diff(y[i2]) / diff(x[i2]))
}
 
xx <- unique(sort(c(seq(0, 30, by = .2), kn <- unique(speed))))
i.kn <- match(kn, xx)   # indices of knots within xx
op <- par(mfrow = c(2,2))
plot(speed, dist, xlim = range(xx), main = "Smooth.spline & derivatives")
lines(pp <- predict(cars.spl, xx), col = "red")
points(kn, pp$y[i.kn], pch = 3, col = "dark red")
mtext("s(x)", col = "red")
for(d in 1:3){
  n <- length(pp$x)
  plot(pp$x, diff.quot(pp$x,pp$y), type = "l", xlab = "x", ylab = "",
       col = "blue", col.main = "red",
       main = paste0("s" ,paste(rep("'", d), collapse = ""), "(x)"))
  mtext("Difference quotient approx.(last)", col = "blue")
  lines(pp <- predict(cars.spl, xx, deriv = d), col = "red")
 
  points(kn, pp$y[i.kn], pch = 3, col = "dark red")
  abline(h = 0, lty = 3, col = "gray")
}
detach(); par(op)

Documentation reproduced from R 3.0.2. License: GPL-2.